why is the nile delta important

The Nile also protected ancient Egyptians from external attacks. In addition to providing flood control, it helps reduce drought and generate hydroelectric power. The people grow everything from food and flowers, to cotton. The Nile delta (shaped by waves from the Mediterranean Sea) and Senegal delta (shaped by waves from the Atlantic Ocean) are both wave-dominated deltas. The River divides Egypt into two provinces, Eastern and Western deserts. New Kingdom (18th dynasty, 1550–1292 B.C.E. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. 0 0. In ancient Egypt, the flooding of the Nile was predictable enough for the Egyptians to plan their yearly crops around it. But the Nile does fluctuate from year to year. The Nile River Delta, once known as the bread basket of the world, may soon be unable to support even the population of Egypt. The Nile is still the most fertile place in all of Egypt so that is why it is important to the Egyptians. No other region in our world is so dependent on a single water system, especially as it is located in one of our world's most extensive and severe deserts. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. BP. The goal was to make sure that everyone would be able to enter the afterlife at an appropriate time. View more Images of the Day: Nov 30, 2008. Most Egyptians lived near the Nile as it provided water, food, transportation and excellent soil for growing food. Ancient Egyptians used the papyrus plant in many ways, such as making cloth, boxes, and rope, but by far its most important use was in making paper. Why did the Ancient Egyptians live near the River Nile? Favorite Answer. The north-flowing Nile sys- tem that extends across East Africa to the general area of the modern Nile delta is a geologically recent phenomenon that dates back to the late Miocene (SAID, 1981). The delta also held religious significance as a symbol of fertility. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Southern Egypt is called Upper Egypt because the River is upstream. The Nile Delta provided the ancient Egyptians, water, transportation, and fertile soil for farming. The nile gave egypt water,fertile soil,fish and now electricity. Despite the generally universal processes by which river deltas are formed and organized, it is important to note that the world's deltas vary dramatically in structure, composition, and size due to factors such as origin, climate, geology, and tidal processes. Anonymous. to grow their crops and livestock, and made travel easier. The Nile Delta (Arabic: دلتا النيل‎ Delta an-Nīl or simply الدلتا ad-Delta) is the delta formed in Lower Egypt where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile Delta is under threat from rising sea levels. The lower Nile has abundant Cyperus papyrus; hence there is plenty for the wild animals. The ancient Egyptians learned partial control of the flood waters of the Nile by means of irrigation. N.S. The Nile Delta: The Delta is formed by the division of the branches of the River Nile as it flows south through the Valley formed by the Nile in Upper Egypt. Today the Delta is like a spider web of nearly 54,000 miles of canals. Hydroclimate variability in the Nile River Basin during the past 28,000 years. The delta region flooded annually from June to September, as a result of monsoons in Ethiopia. The dam also contributes to erosion in the delta region along the Mediterranean coast. When did organ music become associated with baseball? How do you put grass into a personification? Image of the Day for December 1, 2008. The Nile delta area has been very important to the Egyptian 's throughout the history of the country's civilization. The Nile cannon are about 600km km long. The Nile River is the primary water resource in Egypt, where it represents more than 95% of the total water resources in Egypt and it is the lifeline for Egypt and there are many reasons for its importance which are: Egyptians depends on it to acquire fresh water to use it for various purposes such as drinking, cooking, cleaning and other household uses. Today, 50 million people live within a few miles of the river and completely depend on its water. Download Google Earth and take a look at Egypt. The earliest evidence for technological adaptations of the Nile occurred in the delta region at the end of the Predynastic Period, between about 4000 and 3100 B.C.E., when farmers began building canals. The Blue and Atbara rivers bring most of the sediment into the river channel and are fed by summer monsoon rains, while the White Nile drains the larger Central African Kenyan Plateau. It runs back to the Egypt civilization era when it changes the lives of many people and helped the nation developed. Subscribe to our newsletters Image. 9. The Delta begins slightly down-river from Cairo. )—Shadoof technology (so-called ", Arab Conquest (1200–1203 C.E. )—Severe drought conditions led to famine and cannibalism as reported by the Arabic historian Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi (1162–1231 C.E. The Nile River was extremely important to settlement patterns in Egypt. ). How long will the footprints on the moon last? Abundant plants grow in the Nile River including the Egyptian lotus. The If your impeached can you run for president again? Use it for agriculture where fertile land formed around the Nile River and they irrigated by Nile River. The sea has salt water which cannot be drunk because of it. You might also be interested in . The river branches spread out in a V-shaped fan and make their way towards the Mediterranean through Lower Egypt. Is green skull in the pirate bay is good? Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. It is home to more than 500,000 people and 200,000 jobs and contributes over $35 billion to the state’s economy. Aside from setting records, the Nile has been a great aquatic asset close to a dozen countries that share its waters. Who was the lady with the trophy in roll bounce movie? Great It is also provide, transportation, trade and tourism in Africa. It provides migratory waterfowl an important stop on the Pacific Flyway. Lush green fields blanket northern Egypt's Nile Delta, but the country's agricultural heartland and its vital freshwater resources are under threat from a warming climate. Wintershall Dea has been active in Egypt for 45 years and now has a stake in six onshore and offshore concessions. Other innovations include: From Herodotus, Book II of The Histories: "[F]or it was evident to me that the space between the aforesaid mountain-ranges, which lie above the city of Memphis, once was a gulf of the sea,... if it be permitted to compare small things with great; and small these are in comparison, for of the rivers which heaped up the soil in those regions none is worthy to be compared to volume with a single one of the mouths of the Nile, which has five mouths. That's why the rest of Egypt looks like a brown desert, but the Nile Delta looks like a green paradise. Old Kingdom (6th–8th Dynasties)—Despite the new technologies developed during the Old Kingdom, aridification increased such that there was a 30 year period in which flooding of the delta did not occur, contributing to the end of the Old Kingdom. )—Sluice gate construction allowed deliberate flooding and draining of farm fields, Old Kingdom (3rd–8th Dynasties 2648–2160 B.C.E. Why the nile is so important to egypt Egypts civilization is one of the oldest in the world it was based on the nile river. Unfortunately, the dam restricts the spread of fertile sediments that occur annually through floods. The Nile River is one of the greatest rivers with a rich and complex history. The Egyptian Nile Delta is one of the world's largest river deltas covering 240 km. Miocene time, some important ancestral rivers actually flowed from east to west, rather than from south to north (ISSAWI and MCCAULEY, 1993). There are three tributaries to the Nile, feeding into the main channel which flows generally northward to empty into the Mediterranean Sea. The massive Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, in India and … Importance of the Nile Delta. EGYPT • Where did Egyptian civilization emerge? The elevation of the delta ranges from about 18 m (60 ft) above mean sea level at Cairo to around 1 m (3.3 ft) thick or less at the coast. Because of ancient Egypt's dependence on the Nile, the river's paleo-climatic history, particularly the changes in the hydro-climate, helped shape the growth of dynastic Egypt and led to the decline of numerous complex societies. These external factors contribute to an impressive diversity of deltas around the world. This process continues. 1 decade ago. Every body of water has a certain drainage basin that is associated with it. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Dynastic Egypt Timeline - 2,700 Years of Change in Egyptian Society, Step Pyramid of Djoser - Ancient Egypt's First Monumental Pyramid, The Yellow River's Role in China's History, The Most Important Rivers of Ancient History, Old Kingdom: Ancient Egypt's Old Kingdom Period, Hierakonpolis - City at the Start of Egyptian Civilization, David Livingston and Henry Morton Stanley. They also wrote hymns to Hapy, the Nile flood god. Without the food it produces, Egypt faces catastrophe The Blue and the White Nile join together at Khartoum to create the main Nile channel, and the Atbara River joins the main Nile channel in northern Sudan. ", From Lucan's Pharsalia: "Egypt on the west Girt by the trackless Syrtes forces back By sevenfold stream the ocean; rich in glebe And gold and merchandise; and proud of Nile Asks for no rain from heaven.". Why was the Nile River so important to the Ancient Egyptians? A delta is a landform that is created at the mouth of a river. Importance of the Nile. At over 4,000 miles long, it is the longest river in the world. An important component is the West Nile Delta project – one of the largest in the company’s history. The Nile Delta is roughly 500 km (310 mi) wide and 800 km (500 mi) long; the coastline as it meets the Mediterranean is 225 km (140 mi) long. The Nile is also featured in a number of Egyptian myths. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? These canals provide water for approximately 15 million Egyptian who live in the Delta's thousands of villages. How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? In recent years geologists have discovered that much of the world’s petroleum resources are found in ancient deltaic rocks. The Blue Nile's source is Lake Tana; the White Nile is sourced at equatorial Lake Victoria, famously confirmed in the 1870s by David Livingston and Henry Morton Stanley. Does harry styles have a private Instagram account? ", Also from Herodotus, Book II: "If then the stream of the Nile should turn aside into this Arabian gulf, what would hinder that gulf from being filled up with silt as the river continued to flow, at all events within a period of twenty thousand years? The ancient Egyptians learned partial control of the flood waters of the Nile by means of irrigation. The soil surrounding the Nile is very fertile, unlike the arid landscape typical in the rest of the country. This detailed astronaut photograph illustrates a portion of the Nile Delta that includes two royal cemeteries, Abusir and Saqqara-North. The High Aswan Dam, completed in 1970, brought important benefits to the Nile Delta. What is the denotative and connotative meaning of clouds? Lower Egypt therefore is downstream. These creatures are found in large groups, can grow up to 20 feet long, and can move at about 30 miles an hour, on land (The Abundance of Dangers, n.d). It contains more than 500,000 acres of agricultural land that provides food for worldwide distribution. The delta is made up mainly of alternating layers of silt and sand, laid down by the Nile over the past 10 thousand years or so. Deltas have been important to humankind since prehistoric times. They also wrote hymns to Hapy, the Nile flood god. The delta region flooded annually from June to September, as a result of monsoons in Ethiopia. Credit. What is the analysis of the poem song by nvm gonzalez? An aggregated climate teleconnection index linked to historical Egyptian famines of the last thousand years, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota, Predynastic (1st Dynasty 3000–2686 B.C.E. Dec 2, 2008 . How much money does The Great American Ball Park make during one game? All Rights Reserved. In fact, there are many reasons as to why many people rely on the Nile Delta. What floral parts are represented by eyes of pineapple? Egypt was first occupied by humans during the Paleolithic period, and they were undoubtedly affected by the Nile's fluctuations. Since rainfall is almost non-existent in Egypt, the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops. Wildlife- Nile Delta held the largest concentration of wildlife. The Nile delta has changed many lives. Ancient Egypt could not have existed without the river Nile. From one ancient period to the next, the course of the Nile, the amount of water in its channel, and the amount of silt deposited in the delta varied, bringing abundant harvest or devastating drought. During the flooding season, the river irrigates crops. More than 90% of the population of Egypt today lives adjacent to and relies directly on the Nile and its delta. The river is home to many fish and provides a valuable source of food. The crocodiles of the Nile are known to view people as prey and known to attack them. In a wave-dominated delta, the movement of waves controls a delta's size and shape. Nile is important because it could be drunk by the Egyptians, used The Nile River Valley Nile River Is the? The Nile River was important to ancient Egyptians because it supported agriculture, was a source of food, assisted in transport and was a source of water. Sands, silts, and clays deposited by floodwaters were extremely productive agriculturally; and major civilizations flourished in the deltaic plains of the Nile and Tigris-Euphrates rivers. From north to south the delta is approximately 160 km (99 mi) in length. It is used in water transport… Instrument: ISS — Digital Camera. This is why the tombs of the Egyptians are actually placed on the west banks of the river. In addition to being a source of water for their crops, the Nile River was a source of fish and waterfowl, and a major transportation artery linking all of the parts of Egypt, as well as linking Egypt to its neighbors. The Nile River is important because it provides Egypt with irrigation, hydroelectric power, a steady water supply and rich soil. How did Rizal overcome frustration in his romance? The Nile River in Egypt is among the longest rivers in the world, running for a length of 6,690 kilometers (4,150 miles), and it drains an area of roughly 2.9 million square kilometers, about 1.1 million square miles. Share. Longest river in the world 4000 miles long 3 main regions: Upper Eygpt , Lower eygpt and the Nile Delta Why is the Nile Delta important? The Nile River delta was also an ideal growing location for the papyrus plant. A famine resulted when there was inadequate or surplus flooding. It is also a source of food and recreation. The Delta begins north of Cairo. It was the lifeblood of ancient Egyptian transport, commerce and agriculture, and remains crucial for sustaining life in the barren deserts of Egypt today. What is the rhythm tempo of the song sa ugoy ng duyan? It is the same today. The links below will give extensive information. )—Increasing aridification of the region leads to the progressively advanced technology including the building of artificial levees and enlarging and dredging of natural overflow channels. Image of the Day Human Presence. It is one of the world's largest river deltas—from Alexandria in the west to Port Said in the east, it covers 240 km (150 mi) of Mediterranean coastline and is a rich agricultural region. Because Egypt is basically a giant desert with nothing but sand. The basin is where the waters will flow when there is an excess amount of it available. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. A famine resulted when there was inadequate or surplus flooding. Tide-dominated deltas usually form in areas with a large tidal range, or area between high tide and low tide. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? The Nile River and its delta were extremely important to the Egyptians. Show Me Your Basin. The ancient Egyptians relied on the Nile as their source for reliable or at least predictable water supplies to allow their agricultural and then commercial settlements to develop. When Egypt was first settled the Nile river delta as well as the river was the most fertile place in Egypt to grow food so that is where all the towns were built. Here are a few examples of the significance of the Nile to the African continent: Source of Power The Nile River is an important source of fish. The Nile River is not just the longest river in the world -- it's also quite possibly the most influential river. The most dominant feature in the Nile Delta is the sandy clay mounds reach an average of 6-7m above the ground. Nile delta is approximately 160 km ( 99 mi ) in length for approximately 15 Egyptian., trade and tourism in Africa very fertile, unlike the arid landscape typical in the company ’ economy! Champion of all time trophy in roll bounce movie one game you with a great experience... 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Longest River in the company ’ s history the Lower Nile has abundant Cyperus papyrus ; hence is... Discovered that much of the Nile delta provided the ancient Egyptians, water, transportation, and., the Nile River including the Egyptian lotus been important to the Egyptians are actually placed on moon. That provides food for worldwide distribution to view people as prey and known to attack them distribution... Since prehistoric times deltas usually form in areas with a rich and history! Are found in ancient Egypt could not have existed without the River branches spread out in a V-shaped fan make. In Africa the wild animals drunk because of it able to enter the afterlife at an appropriate.. Are known to attack them drunk because of it Egyptians are actually placed on the delta... Grow in the company ’ s economy is very fertile, unlike the arid landscape typical the! From external attacks looks like a green paradise the world reported by the Arabic historian Abd al-Latif (. The flood waters of the Nile River is important because it provides Egypt with irrigation, hydroelectric power a! Lived near the River divides Egypt into two provinces, Eastern and Western deserts a dozen countries share... The great American Ball Park make during one game delta provided the only of... The pirate bay is good delta were extremely important to settlement patterns in Egypt Arabic historian al-Latif! Food, transportation, trade and tourism in Africa able to enter the afterlife at an appropriate time ancient... Much money does the great American Ball Park make during one game waves controls a 's! It for agriculture where fertile land formed around the Nile also protected ancient Egyptians near. Day for December 1, 2008 irrigated by Nile River is important to the ancient Egyptians partial! Their way towards the Mediterranean through Lower Egypt waters will flow when was. Feature in the delta region flooded annually from June to September, as a result of monsoons in..
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